Toothache, also recognized as dental pain, is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases.
Common causes include inflammation of the pulp, generally in response to tooth decay, dental trauma, or other factors, dentin hypersensitivity(short, sharp pain, usually related with exposed root surfaces),apical periodontitis (inflammation of the periodontal ligament and alveolar around the root apex), dental abscess (localized collections of pus, such as apical abscess, pericoronal abscess, and periodontal), alveolar osteitis (dry socket, a likely complication of tooth extraction, with loss of the blood clot and experience of bone), sharp necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (a gum infection, also called “trench mouth”), temporomandibular disorder and others.
Toothache may be caused by dental (odontogenic) conditions (such as those concerning the dentin-pulp compound or periodontium), or by non-dental (non-odontogenic) conditions (such as maxillary sinusitis or angina pectoris). There are several possible non-dental causes, but the vast majority of toothache is dental in origin.
Both the pulp and periodontal ligament contain nociceptors (pain receptors), but the pulp lacks proprioceptors (motion or situation receptors) and mechanoreceptors (mechanical pressure receptors). Consequently, pain originating from the dentin-pulp compound tends to be poorly localized.
Toothache Help: What to Do In Case of a Toothache
Find out what you can do if you have a toothache and why you must see a Dentist for treatment.
Gauge Your Pain Levels and Swelling
- Be aware of how long your tooth has harm. If it’s been more than 1-2 days, you should see your dentist right away.
- Ensure for swelling in your gums or face related to the toothache.
Consider the Cause of Your Toothache
- Most toothaches are related to cavities and require evaluation and handling by a Dentist.
- Recent dental work (such as a root canal, tooth extraction, etc.) can direct to an infection that needs to be treated by a qualified Oral Surgeon.
- Sinus infections can also cause severe tooth hurt. If you have cold symptoms with your tooth pain, you may need to be treated for a sinus infection.
Handle Your Toothache Pain
Follow these tips to treat the pain until you can seek proper dental or medical care.
- Orajel Toothache Pain Aid Gel, Cream, Liquid, and Swabs contain benzocaine, a topical pain reliever that adults may use and administer to children 2 years of age and older.
- Remember that home treatment of toothaches is temporary. Mainly toothaches require dental or medical care.
See a Dentist About Your Toothache Right Away If…
- The ache lasts longer than 1-2 days (even if it comes and goes).
- The pain is so severe that it interferes with your everyday activities or sleep.
- You also have a passion, earache, or pain when opening your mouth.